Challenges in changing my OpenID

I recently decided to combine two personal websites I had (this one,, and so that I had a single web presence. I chose to use as my canonical URL, but this presented two problems:

  • I have been listing as my homepage in my various social networks profiles and on blog comments. I’ve built up some Google page rank love through these links, and I want to make sure that is transferred over to I also want any visitors that go to to be sent over to The easiest (and correct) way to accomplish both of these is to setup a simple 301 “Moved Permanently” redirect.

  • I have also been using as my primary OpenID to login to numerous websites. Many OpenID consumers will allow you to connect multiple OpenIDs or at least change your OpenID, so I can go through them all and update my account. But that will take a while, and I’d like to combine my domains now. The problem is that if I go ahead and setup a 301 redirect (as mentioned above), then it breaks my ability to use as an OpenID (see #4 under OpenID Normalization).

So I want Google and other visitors to see a permanent redirect to, but I don’t want to break my ability to use as an OpenID. I was originally planning to use Apache to perform the redirect, and I wasn’t sure if I’d actually be able to find a solution to my problem. Then I started thinking about WordPress request processing, and came up with the following bit of code:

add_action('wp', 'redirect_wp');

function redirect_wp($wp) {
    // only redirect plain home page requests
    if (!is_front_page() && !is_home()) return;
    if (!empty($_SERVER['QUERY_STRING'])) return;

    // don't redirect OpenID requests
    if (stripos($_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT'], 'application/xrds+xml') !== FALSE) return;
    if (stripos($_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'], 'openid') !== FALSE) return;
    if (empty($_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'])) return;

    wp_redirect('', 301);

So it’s pretty simple really… First, we only care about requests to the front page. Because I was only using as a one-page identity site, not a full blog, I only need to worry with requests to the front page. If I had been writing blog posts or other pages on this site, I would need to have different logic here. Second, we do some basic detection for OpenID requests – things like the content negotiation header for XRDS, or the “openid” string that appears in the user agent of JanRain OpenID libraries. If it doesn’t look like an OpenID request, we go ahead and redirect to

Now of course this only works in my specific use case, but perhaps it will prove useful for others. For what it’s worth, the new work we’re doing on metadata discovery with XRD would prevent this problem, since we’re moving away from overloading normal HTTP requests where possible.

Update: I now also treat an empty user agent string as an OpenID request. This covers Blogger, which uses the OpenID4Java library. I’m fairly certain all major search engine spiders include a user agent, so this should be a fairly safe addition.

Additional Note for FastCGI Users

It’s worth noting as well that WordPress loses the HTTP status code when using FastCGI, as is used at Joyent. A comment in the code claims that it causes problems with some FastCGI setups, but I’ve not experienced that. This is very important, because Google will not transfer your page rank repuation if only using a 302 “Moved Temporarily” redirect; it must be a 301. A quick fix for this is to add the following to the very beginning of the above code:

    create_function('$s', 'status_header($s); return $s;'));

Comments and responses

Have you written a response to this? Let me know the URL:

At Six Apart we ran into this when we deprecated in favor of Initially we had the former redirecting to the latter, but that broke everyone who had used TypeKey for OpenID.

In the end we went for a kinda-ugly solution where we do . We found that when the refresh delay is zero search engines tend to treat it as a redirect, so it works for browsers and for search engines without breaking OpenID.

This (moving OpenID identifiers) is definitely a pain point for OpenID today… we need a good, standard solution for this.

"For what it’s worth, the new work we’re doing on metadata discovery with XRD would prevent this problem, since we’re moving away from overloading normal HTTP requests where possible.

It may solve this particular problem, but it’s sad that the new metadata stuff is even being considered for OpenID :(

Redirecting with mod_rewrite without breaking OpenID…

On, I redirect the root address to I do this with mod_rewrite, since it’s much faster to do an HTTP Location header based redirect than to use an HTML meta tag redirect. I encountered a problem with this,…